Annual Report

1 August 2000 to 31 July 2001



Developing the Information Environment

Presented to Resource and to the JISC November 2001


This year we have seen a variety of national and international initiatives moving forwards to promote and support the global concepts of interoperability and sharing of information across sectors, across domains and between services.

The e-Europe 2002 Action Plan, containing the principles derived at the Lund meeting in April 2001, proposes that digitisation will provide a key mechanism to exploit Europe's unique heritage and will support cultural diversity, education and the generation of content industries. At the end of last year, the National electronic Library for Health (NeLH) was launched as a pilot service and has since expanded with a number of virtual branch libraries presenting knowledge and information in selected disciplines. More recently in summer 2001, we saw the publication of the Government Interoperability Framework (e-GIF) and the Government Metadata Framework mandating the use of specific technical standards by government departments and across the public sector.

UKOLN is continuing to raise awareness of the technologies and standards that underpin such developments and to create opportunities for representatives from different sectors and domains to engage in discussion with the aim of moving forward this valuable work. Progress has been enhanced by strengthening working partnerships between UKOLN and the JISC and Resource, leading to key events and documented studies which have brought communities together or have significantly advanced thinking.

Whilst extending outreach to new communities further afield, we have also been consolidating our local partnerships within the University. Building on our new position within the Division of Access and Continuing Studies (DACS), UKOLN has contributed to the Universitys e-learning programme and to associated activities through enhanced contacts with other DACS Centres.

The following pages describe the work of UKOLN during the year 1 August 2000 to 31 July 2001 and highlights include:

Policy and Advice

The new Collection Description Focus began work in June, jointly funded for a twelve-month period by the JISC, the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) and the British Library. The Focus aims to improve co-ordination of work on collection description methods, schemas and tools, with the goal of ensuring consistency and compatibility of approaches across projects, disciplines, institutions and sectors. The Focus is in partnership with the Archives Hub and the mda.

Interoperability Focus has organised a number of key strategic events for members of the community. A cross-sectoral seminar for senior managers and policy-makers,'Interoperability at the Coalface' was held in November, which aimed at raising awareness of issues in this area. Representatives from the international cultural heritage communities came together in July in London for a two-day meeting organised by the Focus, Resource and the Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI) on Digital Content Creation Strategies. The discussion was wide-ranging and resulted in identifying a number of steps to progress this work.

The fourth annual Institutional Web Managers Workshop organised by Web Focus was held in Bath in September 2000 and the fifth Workshop was held in Belfast in June 2001 and attracted over 150 delegates. Web Focus also supported a number of UKOLN posters at the World Wide Web Conference in Hong Kong in May.

The Public Library Networking Focus held the second annual Workshop for Public Library Web Managers at Bath in October 2000 and was successful in disseminating some of the more practical aspects of Web site management. The Focus has also produced additional titles in the Issues Papers series including briefings on e-Books and e-Serials which have been very well received by the community.

We are very pleased that Ann Chapman was awarded the 2000 Alan Jeffreys Award of the Library Association Cataloguing and Indexing Group in recognition of a'significant contribution to the understanding and development of statistical evidence' within the Group's field of interest. Work has continued on the bibliographic standard for Reveal: the National Database of Resources in Accessible Formats and this has included the identification of accessibility issues for visual impaired people using a Web-accessible register of collections based on the RSLP Collection Description Schema.

UKOLN has been contracted to supply the Technical Advisory Service to the New Opportunities Fund (NOF) Digitisation Programme in partnership with the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) and supporting work began in June. One of the key activities was to update the Technical Standards document, which has been instrumental in guiding project proposals submitted for funding in the earlier stage.

Research and Development

This year, EU funding was secured for two new projects. ARCO (Augmented Representation of Cultural Objects) is concerned with the virtual representation and manipulation of cultural objects. UKOLN's major role in this project will involve co-ordination of the requirements from various museums and technical advice relating to metadata and XML. The second new project, OA-Forum (Open Archives Forum) is funded as an accompanying measure and will act as a focus for dissemination, information exchange, European liaison and co-ordination for the validation of OAI protocols for metadata sharing/harvesting and interoperability.

UKOLN is working on a number of projects which contribute to the development and implementation of information architectures. Agora is one of the five e-Lib Hybrid Library projects, and we have been responsible for communication and dissemination for this project. In the last twelve months three Hybrid Library workshops have been organised supported by the DNER. In the IMesh Toolkit project, funded by the JISC and NSF, two components of particular interest are personalisation and annotation. Work is underway to specify and develop software for such services to users of subject gateways. We continue to build frameworks for resource discovery through the Renardus gateway and to promote the SCHEMAS registry which publishes and discloses local application profiles or schemas, and "standard" metadata schemas.

In another new activity, we will provide a project management role for the JISC funded Subject Portals project which will deliver portal services that integrate with the subject gateway services provided by the RDN at BIOME, EEVL, SOSIG and HUMBUL.

Distributed Systems and Services

We have continued to contribute to the development of the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER) and published an influential study The DNER Technical Architecture: scoping the information environment in May. This has been successful in engaging communities in thinking about information architectures and in informing thinking about the implementation of the information environment.

Linking technologies form one of the elements of the technical architecture and in particular the OpenURL has been proposed as a mechanism for resolving bibliographic details about an item to a location where the item may be accessed. We have built a simple but effective OpenURL demonstrator to show possible implementations of this technology in context, using a variety of document suppliers and an online bookseller as examples of delivery services.

Work has progressed to support and further develop the Resource Discovery Network including re-designing the Web site, providing a considerably faster search facility by developing the ResourceFinder service and launching new services such as Behind the Headlines which provides background information to the latest news items using RDF Site Summary (RSS).

Information Services

Our e-journals Ariadne and Cultivate Interactive continue to attract high-quality contributions from leading exponents in the field and an increasing readership. The UKOLN Web site is frequently cited as a key source of topical information and content is enriched by a number of mirrored resources.

Events Management

The Events Management service has had a busy year organising high profile cross-sectoral events for the core funders together with additional seminars, including MODELS workshops and key conferences such as'Preservation 2000' for the Cedars project. Feedback continues to be very positive and these activities represent an important channel of communication and interaction with the community.

Looking forward to 2001/2, we will build on our achievements and successes through implementing the new Strategy and Work Programme in partnership with the University, our funding organisations and the communities we serve.

Looking back

A Brief History of UKOLN

UKOLN and its antecedent organisations have been based at the University of Bath for over 23 years. Some historical highlights are noted here.


Centre for Catalogue Researchestablished.

The establishment of this office, funded by the British Library Research & Development Department, is preceded by several projects looking at catalogues and bibliographic data, including the Bath University Programme of Catalogue Research (1977–79). This work is initiated by Maurice Line, sometime University Librarian at Bath, and Philip Bryant, Technical Services Librarian. Philip Bryant becomes Director of the CCR.


Centre for Bibliographic Managementestablished.

The change of name recognises the wider role the Centre is playing in the UK library world. Lorcan Dempsey and Ann Chapman become research officers at CBM during this period.


UK Office for Library Networkingestablished after a grant is made by the British Library R&D Department (BLR&DD). UKOLN is set up to work alongside CBM. John W.T. Smith becomes the National Project Officer for UKOLN and its only full-time member of staff.


CBM and UKOLN merge to form UKOLN: The Office for Library and Information Networking. UKOLN is jointly funded by the ISC (now the JISC) and BLR&DD. Derek Law is the Chair of the Management Committee.


Philip Bryant retires as Director of UKOLN.

Lorcan Dempsey appointed as Director of UKOLN (November 1994).


UKOLN established as the UK Office for Library and Information Networking. UKOLN recruits several new research and information staff, and the post of Events Manager is created to manage a growing range of workshops and events. Professor Mel Collier becomes Chair of the Management Committee.

UKOLN begins its work within an eLib framework. We initiate the ROADS project and begin planning for the Ariadne magazine as well as taking on the task of providing eLib Web pages.


As the library is refurbished, UKOLN moves into new offices on Level 4. Several more new staff are recruited and the UK Web Focus post is established.

UKOLN gets its first experience of working on EU funded projects as DESIRE and BIBLINK begin. UKOLN also begins work on NewsAgent. Dr Richard Heseltine becomes Chair of the Management Committee.


The post of Resource Co-ordinator is created and an assistant is recruited to support our expanding events management work.

UKOLN is reviewed by its funding bodies and is congratulated on'becoming recognised as a centre for excellence at international levels in the areas of networking and associated new technology and standards development'.

UKOLN consolidates its group structure around several groups with co-ordinators.

Preparatory work begins on EU projects PRIDE and EXPLOIT; BLRIC funded projects WebWatch, CIRCE and Stories from the Web; and on the JISC funded Agora.


Work commences on the JISC funded Agora project and the EU funded EXPLOIT project. The BLRIC and the JISC agree to jointly fund the post of Interoperability Focus. UKOLN contributes to Cedars, an eLib programme project.

Over 200 delegates attend'Information Landscapes for a Learning Society', the third UKOLN conference in the series Networking and the Future of Libraries, held at the end of June.

Having completed a valuable role in the development of UKOLN to this stage, the Advisory Committee, chaired by Sheila Corrall, ceases to operate.


In April the research funding function of the British Library is transferred to the Library and Information Commission (LIC). Ray Lester becomes Chair of the Management Committee.

The Interoperability Focus, an initiative jointly funded by the LIC and the JISC, is appointed.

UKOLN's bid to host the Centre for the Resource Discovery Network, a JISC funded initiative, in partnership with the Arts and Humanities Data Service (at King's College London) and the University of Hull, is successful. The IMesh Toolkit project, funded by the JISC and the National Science Foundation (of the US) starts.


Lorcan Dempsey leaves UKOLN to take up the post of Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER) Programme Director for the JISC. Dr Liz Lyon is appointed as the new Director. UKOLN now has a staff of 23.

The staffing structure is refined to better map teams of staff on to actual ways of working and to align staff groupings with our strategic aims and objectives. Activities are now delivered through the Policy and Advice, Research and Development, Distributed Systems and Services and Events and Web-based Information Services teams.

Work commences on the EU funded projects Renardus, SCHEMAS and Cultivate.

UKOLN is realigned within the University of Bath and is now a Centre within the Division of Access and Continuing Studies (DACS).

Resource: The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries – a new UK strategic organisation – replaces the Libraries and Information Commission (LIC) and the Museums and Galleries Commission (MGC).


Resource, in partnership with the JISC, commissions a formal review of UKOLN by the Information Management Research Institute at the University of Northumbria. The outcomes of the review are very positive and recognise the success that UKOLN has achieved over past years and the significant impact it has made at a technical and strategic level. We were also recognised as delivering good value for money.

A new Strategy and Work Programme covering all of UKOLNs activities for the next three years is produced. The document builds on the outcomes of the Review initiated by Resource and the JISC and internal discussion with all UKOLN staff. Consideration was also given to documents, such as the Resource Manifesto and Annual Workplan and Budget 2001/2 and the JISC Strategy 2001-05, during the creation of the Strategy.

We have been contributing to the development of the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER) and published an important study The DNER Technical Architecture: scoping the information environment in May.

UKOLN now has a staff of 25.

The people

Staff Changes and Activities

In October 2000 UKOLN welcomed Dr Liz Lyon as its new Director. Liz joined us from the University of Surrey Library where she had been Head of Research and Learning Support Systems.

Shirley Keane was appointed as Web Editor in January. This post is shared between UKOLN and the Division for Access and Continuing Studies. Also in January, Pete Johnston joined as Interoperability Research Officer. In June, in addition to his interoperability activities, Pete started work on the Collection Description Focus.

During the year Sarah Ormes, Public Library Network Focus, left UKOLN to pursue new challenges. Penny Garrod was appointed to this post in August 2001. Penny was previously at the University of Plymouth. Her recent work has included involvement with a British Library funded project; two Electronic Library (eLib) projects (funded by JISC), and a Higher Education Funding Council funded project to develop a qualification for staff working with disabled students in FE and HE.

Joy Fraser, UKOLN's Events Manager left in July and recruitment for an Events Manager was underway at the end of the period.

UKOLN Management Committee

The Management Committee has continued to support UKOLN in its activities and to provide valuable knowledge and experience across the areas of stakeholders that members represent.

The membership of the Management Committee at 31 July 2001 is given below.

Dr Ray Lester (Chair), Head of Library & Information Services, Natural History Museum

Ms Mary Auckland, Director of Library & Learning Resources ,The London Institute

Mr Chris Batt, Director of Learning and Information Society Team, Resource

Professor Peter Brophy, Director and Chair in Information Management, CERLIM, Manchester Metropolitan University

Professor James Calderhead, Dean of the Division of Access and Continuing Studies, University of Bath

Ms Alice Colban, JISC Secretariat

Professor James Davenport, Director of IT, University of Bath

Mr John Dolan, Assistant Director, Birmingham Library and Information Services

Ms Frances Hendrix, Director, LASER

Mr Howard Nicholson, Librarian, University of Bath


Policy and Advice

.....influencing policy and informing practice ....

Interoperability Focus

Interoperability Focus is a national post, directly funded by the JISC and by Resource. The post was established in January 1999, initially for a period of three years. Interoperability Focus is housed within Academic Services at the University of Hull, and acknowledges additional support from that institution.

In line with the growing trend for cross-sector collaboration, the scope of Interoperability Focus remains broad, encompassing a range of issues related to the creation and use of interoperable services across a range of domains, including the cultural heritage sector, archives, libraries and government. A strong cross-community and international Advisory Committee, chaired by Ray Lester of the Natural History Museum, serves to guide the work of Interoperability Focus, as well as providing an important channel for dissemination of information.

Interoperability Focus is active in a variety of standardisation activities, including being a member of the Office of the e-Envoy's e-Government Champions Metadata Working Group, and the Executive Committees of the Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI) and the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI). Additionally, Interoperability Focus represents the JISCs interests with both CIMI and the International DOI Foundation.

Dissemination and awareness raising are important aspects of the work of Interoperability Focus, with a range of publications and presentations delivered in the past 12 months both in the UK and abroad.

At the beginning of 2001, Interoperability Focus effort was increased with the appointment of Pete Johnston as 0.6 FTE Interoperability Research Officer.

Metadata for Education

Across the UK, a wide range of agencies are involved in the creation and description of educational content for use throughout the formal education system, and also by those of us who are'learning for life'. Currently, these public and private sector bodies tend to use a wide range of techniques for describing their own and others' content, including de facto and de jure national or international standards and a variety of internally developed solutions. Such approaches make it difficult for teachers and learners - who will routinely require access to the offerings of more than one agency - to discover and evaluate material in an effective manner.

Under the auspices of Interoperability Focus, the Metadata for Education Group (MEG) seeks to progress a set of common objectives. The group is open to all comers and meets to discuss common solutions to a set of agreed problems. The MEG Web site, hosted by UKOLN, acts as the main vehicle for dissemination, and is supported by the JISCmail-hosted uk-meg mailing list.

Early deliverables from this group include the'MEG Concord', enshrining the group's key principles of openness and portability for educational content. This document already has more than 60 signatories, including major organisations such as the BBC, Granada Media, Resource and the University for Industry.

MEG has also embarked upon the registration of existing educational metadata schemas, and hosts a growing registry of these on the Web site.


A significant aspect of Interoperability Focus' work from the outset has been concerned with placing UK needs and perspectives within an international context, both by disseminating UK experiences and bringing in the benefits of overseas developments.

This work has, to some extent, now been focused through a new line of activity in which Interoperability Focus is explicitly working with major digital cultural content creation organisations in the UK and abroad in order to identify existing and potential synergies upon which to capitalise. This activity was launched in July in an international workshop organised jointly with CIMI and Resource, and held in London. Work is underway on progressing actions from that meeting, and a second gathering is planned for Washington DC, early in 2002.

UK Web Focus

UK Web Focus is a JISC funded post which provides advice to the HE and FE communities on Web developments. Activities include monitoring Web developments, informing the community through articles in refereed and other publications (both print and online), giving presentations, organising workshops and other events and co-ordinating various activities.

The fourth annual Institutional Web Management workshop took place at the University of Bath on 6-8 September 2000. The fifth in the series was held at Queen's University Belfast on 25-27 June 2001 - the move to the summer was made in order to make it easier for delegates from the FE sector to attend and to provide more flexibility for the date and location of future events, as finding venues in September is becoming increasingly difficult.

Planning for next year's event has already begun. The workshop will be held in the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, during the week of 17 June 2002.

UK Web Focus presented papers at a range of conferences, workshops and seminars. Contributions to the Internet Librarian International conference, held at Olympia, London in March 2001 included a paper on advertising on Web sites, a panel session at a WebWizards Roundtable and a half-day workshop on publishing Web magazines, e-Journals & Webzines. A poster session entitled RDN-Include: Re-branding Remote Resources was given at the International World Wide Web conference held in Hong Kong in May 2001.

Regular Web Focus and WebWatch columns have been published in UKOLN's Ariadne e-journal. Other articles have been published in the SPIN and VINE magazines.

New areas of work which have been addressed include advertising on networked services, usage statistics for e-journals and benchmarking Web sites. Contributions were made to a JISC study into advertising on JANET. UK Web Focus has joined the Usage Statistics working party of the PALS (Publisher And Libraries Solutions Committee) group and is leading a task force which is addressing the data processing issues associated with the provision of meaningful usage statistics of e-journals. A number of workshops on benchmarking Web sites have been given and several articles on this subject have been written.

Public Library Networking Focus

Managing the Virtual Branch

In October 2000, the second annual workshop for Public Library Web Managers was held at the University of Bath. Over 40 public library Web officers attended the workshop, which ran for three days. The aim of the workshop was to bring public library Web site managers together to give them an opportunity to share their experiences, learn about some of the tools that are available to assist with the creation and maintenance of sites and to hear about future Web developments. Like the previous year the emphasis was on the practical aspects of Web site management. Highlights of the workshop included case studies from three successful public library Web site developers, an introduction to the Data Protection Act and a guide to accessibility presented by the National Library for the Blind . A full report of the workshop has been published in issue 26 of Ariadne.

Policy Briefing Papers

In partnership with EARL and the Library Association, UKOLN have been producing issue papers on key issues affecting the successful development and delivery of networked services in public libraries. During the year papers on equality of access, partnerships and the People's Network and e-serials were commission and published. In addition, two UKOLN-authored papers were produced - An E-Book Primer by Sarah Ormes and Internet Acceptable Use Policies by Sally Criddle. The papers continue to be extremely well received. Sarah and Sally also contributed articles on filtering Internet access and acceptable use to Webwise Librarians - a free magazine and CD-ROM produced by the BBC for all public library staff.


After six years of supporting public libraries as they developed and enhanced their networking capabilities, EARL, the Consortium for Public Library Networking, was wound up in September 2001. We have always worked closely with EARL, being a strategic partner and represented on its Management Board since its inception and collaborating on many joint events and initiatives throughout the years. EARL has been immensely important to the development of network services within public libraries, providing successful demonstrators such as Familia, Ask A Librarian and Euroguide. It has also been influential in giving public libraries a higher technical profile, through advocacy and research and has laid the groundwork for such initiatives as the People's Network. The continuation and future development of all of its demonstrator services has been assured by placement with new host organisations. UKOLN is pleased to host the Network Services Policy issue papers and we will be carrying forward the work of the task group, together with the People's Network team at Resource and the Library Association.

Public Library People

The Public Library People directory (an email directory for UK public librarians) continues to be updated and maintained by UKOLN staff. A similar service is in development to provide a directory for the Metadata for Education Group (MEG), which is an open forum for debating the description and provision of educational resources at all educational levels across the United Kingdom.

Stories from the Web

Stories from the Web continues to be a popular site and reader development initiative used by children both online and through the Stories from the Web clubs held in libraries and around the world. The project is currently exploring future funding options with a total of thirty authorities that were associated with the project in past funding bids or who have since expressed interest in joining the project. As managing partners Birmingham Library Services are currently supporting the project to ensure continuity of the site and support for libraries offering club sessions within their local communities.


From August 2000 until her departure, Sarah Ormes was investigating the eBook and its implications for public libraries. A review of the Rocket eBook can be found in Ariadne 26 and an additional article exploring how eBooks are likely to impact on public libraries has been published as a Networked Services Policy Taskgroup paper. Sarah also gave a number of presentations about eBooks including at the Internet Librarian International conference and to the Library Association of Ireland.

Lights Out and Silver Boots On

In her final Ariadne column, Sarah reviewed the last five years and looked forward to the next five in the world of wired public libraries. Some of the areas Sarah highlighted as being ones that are likely to have the biggest impact on public library services as we know them now are electronic reference services, eBooks, the viability of community information services and competition between libraries.

Bibliographic Management

NUCAF Review and Reveal Feasibility Study

The Department of Culture, Media and Sport funded programme of projects to improve library services to visually impaired people, begun in 1999, was extended into 2000/2001 and UKOLN continued to contribute to the programme. Following the acceptance of the recommendations in UKOLN's review of National Union Catalogue of Alternative Formats (NUCAF) in 1999, the development of this tool into Reveal: the National Database of Resources in Accessible Formats was made a priority in the programme of work.

Further work was needed to develop the strategic recommendations of the Review into a service and management structure to support the new database, and a detailed system specification for the database itself. Funded by the British Library Co-operation and Partnership Programme a feasibility study was carried out by a team from the National Library for the Blind, the Royal National Institute for the Blind, UKOLN, and an independent library automation consultant, Juliet Leeves. A report was submitted in September 2000 and its recommendations accepted by the STV Reveal Development Steering Group.

Further work has been carried out on the bibliographic standard for Reveal and the evaluation of the use of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and Guidelines for Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. (GSAFD) for Reveal. UKOLN has also assisted the National Library for the Blind in the mapping stage of the migration of their catalogue from UKMARC to MARC21.

Another tool being developed under the Programme is a Web-accesible register of collections of materials in accessible formats based on the RSLP Collection Description Schema. Work was carried out by UKOLN to identify some additional data elements required for Reveal and to identify accessibility issues for visually impaired people in their use of the tool. The UKOLN Research Group is working on the development of this tool.

The Currency of BNBMARC Records on the British Library BLAISE Database

UKOLN continues to monitor the availability of bibliographic records in the BNB files on the British Library Database as it has done since January 1980. The surveys cover items with publication dates of 1974 or later, with a UK publisher or distributor, which are within the coverage of the British National Bibliography. Each month results are tabulated and analysed and a conflated hit rate produced for the previous twelve months. The hit rate is the percentage of items for which records were found. A second search of the database, six months after the original search, identifies records subsequently added to the database. The results of this produce the recheck hit rate. The results are available from the UKOLN Web site.

The British Library is in the process of moving its catalogue records onto its new Corporate Bibliographic System and UKOLN has provided some additional data for British Library use as'before the changeover' reference in monitoring aspects of the changeover.


UKOLN is continuing to monitor the records contributed to the BNB files through the Copyright Libraries Shared Cataloguing Programme (CLSCP). This is now undertaken as an annual snapshot and the results are reported to the British Library and the CLSCP Steering Committee.

Dublin Core Library Application Profile

As Dublin Core is taken up by different information communities it is reviewed by the communities to see whether it can be used as it is or requires changes to definitions or additional elements. A number of Application Profiles, which record the modified definitions and additional elements or sub-elements, are now being developed. The international library community is currently developing a Library Application Profile for Dublin Core. UKOLN is part of the working party on this, contributing to the draft version of this profile, and will continue this effort as the profile is developed.

Other work

Ann Chapman is a member of the BIC Bibliographic Standards Technical Sub-Group which contributed in 2001 to a review of the feasibility of using ONIX International for bibliographic data transmission between the book trade and libraries. She is a member of the Full Disclosure Partner Group, which is supporting implementation of the national strategy for the retrospective conversion of catalogues. She is also a member of the STV Reveal Development Steering Group.

Ann was also the recipient of the 2000 Alan Jeffreys Award of the Library Association Cataloguing and Indexing Group. The award, established in memory of the former Chairman of the Group who died in 1994, was made in recognition of a'significant contribution to the understanding and development of statistical evidence' within the Group's field of interest.

Collection Description Focus

From June 2001, UKOLN has hosted the Collection Description Focus. This is a national post, jointly funded for a twelve-month period by the Joint Information Systems Committee/Distributed National Electronic Resource (JISC/DNER), the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) and the British Library.

The Focus aims to improve co-ordination of work on collection description methods, schemas and tools, with the goal of ensuring consistency and compatibility of approaches across projects, disciplines, institutions and sectors. The Focus provides support both for projects actively involved in collection description work and for those investigating or planning such work.

The work of the Focus is shared between Bridget Robinson and Pete Johnston, both Research Officers at UKOLN, and builds on the earlier RSLP collection description work carried out at UKOLN by Andy Powell.

The Focus staff at UKOLN are supported by their partners in the CD Focus initiative, the Archives Hub and the mda, and also benefit from collaboration with the Interoperability Focus, CIMI (the international museums consortium), the Dublin Core Collection Description Working Group, and the work at UKOLN contributing to the development of the technical architecture for the DNER.

During June and July 2001, a basic Web site was established for the Focus, and its launch was publicised widely via mailing lists and print and Web publications. The first edition of a regular digital newsletter was published.

As part of the Focus' information-gathering activities, a number of visits were made to RSLP projects working in the area of collection description. The Focus agreed to collaborate with CIMI on the design and distribution of a survey questionnaire on collection-level description activity.

An important area of the Focus' work is to try to improve compatibility between different approaches to collection-level description and to avoid redundancy and duplication of effort. To support this, the Focus published a draft mapping of the elements of the major standards for archival description (ISAD(G) and EAD) to the properties of the RSLP Collection Description schema.

A Microsoft Access implementation of the RSLP CLD schema, developed for UKOLN by Samsara Research, has been made available. It includes a basic Web interface, provided using Microsoft Active Server pages, which generates both HTML and RDF/XML renditions of the descriptions in the database.

The Focus plans to continue to gather information on current activity through the survey and through interviews and visits, and to disseminate information through print and Web publications.

The Focus has held a number of events to disseminate information about its own work and the work of projects and initiatives in this area, to raise the profile of collection-level description generally and to engage with specific issues which must be addressed in order to improve co-ordination. These events include briefing days aimed primarily at staff engaged in policy-making and workshops aimed at practitioners working on collection-level description.

A Collection Description Forum will be established, building on the approach successfully employed by the Interoperability Focus in setting up the Metadata For Education Group. The Forum will be an open body with a broad representation of the different parties interested in collection-level description. The aim of the group will be to agree on the importance of working together and to progress towards consensus on common solutions to a defined set of problems.

NOF Digitise Technical Advisory Service

UKOLN continued to provide support to applicants to the New Opportunities Funds Digitisation Programme up until to January 2001 when second stage bids were due for submission. Throughout that time, UKOLN maintained a Web site and technical advice email service and commissioned a number of briefing papers on issues such as content management systems and sustainability. Sarah Ormes and Paul Miller also took part in a series of nation-wide workshops to explain the importance and relevance to the Programme of the technical standards that we have developed, to ensure that the resources created through the Programme are accessible by all, conform to good practice and are technically robust.

In the summer of 2001, UKOLN, in partnership with the Arts and Humanities Data Service, relaunched the technical advisory service that will now continue until December 2002. Support will continue to be provided via the Web site, the email service and the publication of issues papers. In addition, we are producing a manual to accompany the Programme. The manual provides NOF project managers and team/consortia members with a range of guidelines and information to assist and support in the practical implementation of the funded projects. It will also be of value in planning, managing and evaluating digitisation projects in future programmes funded in the UK and elsewhere. Topics covered include management of digitisation projects, human resources and digital preservation. There will also be a series of workshops on specific areas of relevance to the digitisation projects.


Paul Miller, Interoperability Focus, works with Pete Johnston, Interoperability Research Officer, on interoperability activities. Brian Kelly is UK Web Focus, Sarah Ormes was Public Library Networking Focus until March 2001 and Penny Garrod was appointed in August 2001. Sally Criddle co-ordinates the NOF Advisory Service, to which a number of UKOLN staff with expertise in areas of digitisation contribute. Ann Chapman co-ordinates the bibliographic management work, assisted by Birgit Kongialis in the survey work on a part-time basis. Eddie Young provides technical support, particularly for bibliographic management and Monica Bonett has developed the Public Library People service.

Research and Development

.....advancing the state of the art and contributing to knowledge.....


The Agora project is one of the five eLib hybrid library projects, which began in January 1998. The project forms part of Phase 3 of the eLib programme that is investigating issues surrounding the integration of digital and traditional library resources.

Agora is a consortium-based project led by the University of East Anglia: partners are UKOLN, Fretwell Downing Informatics and CERLIM (Centre for Research in Library & Information Management). The project has also worked with several associate groups including libraries, service providers and system developers.

The Agora project has developed a hybrid library management system to provide integrated access to distributed information services. In parallel it has developed change management tools which will assist the information community in assessing and potentially integrating hybrid library management systems. Agora has worked to increase awareness and understanding of the benefits of a standards-based management framework.

Agora is based on the MODELS (MOving to Distributed Environments for Library Services Information) Information Architecture which was developed by UKOLN. Throughout the project UKOLN has had responsibility for communication and dissemination. This has taken the form of monthly newsletters, presentations, and articles in the professional press. The Agora team is currently producing a series of Stakeholder Briefing Papers, which will be available from the project Web site. These reports are designed to enhance the knowledge of the community in relation to the larger issues surrounding the use and implementation of hybrid library systems.

In the last twelve months UKOLN organised three Hybrid Library workshops supported by the DNER. The first was held in November 2000 at the BL followed by one in Manchester and one in Edinburgh in February 2001. The programme included an overview of the Hybrid Library Programme followed by individual presentations by each of the five projects: Agora, BUILDER, HeadLIne, HyLiFe and MALIBU. Four of the projects provided practical workshops in the afternoon.

In addition to dissemination UKOLN has been involved in Agora case studies which took place in the summer of 2001. Case studies were also undertaken at the University of East Anglia and SELLIC. These showed both user and staff enthusiasm for the concept of the hybrid library. Cross-domain searching was popular with all users as was the integration of document delivery processes such as interlending.

The Agora project finished in July, however the work that the project has done continues to generate interest and feed into other areas of UKOLN's work including the DNER Technical architecture and the Collection Description Focus.

ARCO: Augmented Representation of Cultural Objects

The ARCO project will be funded as part of the EU's Information Society Technologies (IST) Programme and has seven partners with the University of Sussex acting as co-ordinator. Other partners include the Sussex Archaeological Society and the Victoria and Albert Museum.

The project is concerned with the virtual representation and manipulation of cultural objects. UKOLN's major role will involve the co-ordination of requirements from various museums and technical advice relating to metadata and XML. Contracts have been signed and the official start date set for 1 October 2001.


Cedars (CURL Exemplars in Digital Archives) is funded by the JISC. The project team is led by the University of Leeds. The overall aim of the project is to investigate issues and develop practical exemplars relating to the long-term preservation of digital materials.

Work on the Cedars project began in 1997 and was originally scheduled to finish in March 2000. However, funding for an extension year has been agreed with the JISC. The extension will enable some scalability testing of the Cedars demonstrator, some continued work on preservation metadata standardisation and the organisation of a workshop. As part of this continued work, UKOLN will be providing a guidance document on preservation metadata and a report looking at preservation-related information in existing bibliographic metadata formats (e.g. MARC21). Michael Day is also a member of the OCLC/RLG Preservation Metadata Working Group. This group is attempting to achieve international consensus in the development, use, and implementation of digital preservation metadata.

As part of the original Cedars project, a major international conference entitled'Preservation 2000' was held in York on 7-8 December 2000. The conference, supported by JISC, RLG and OCLC, was organised by UKOLN. It brought together over 150 people to share information about ongoing projects and initiatives, and to discuss current issues. In conjunction with the conference, a workshop on metadata entitled'Information Infrastructures for Digital Preservation' was also held at the same venue on 6 December.

Digital Preservation Consortium

This JISC funded work is being managed through the JISC Digital Preservation Focus. UKOLN has agreed to provide some support to the JISC's digital preservation activity in the establishment of the Digital Preservation Coalition. This will include contributing to the management of the JISCmail-based digital-preservation mailing list and supplying appropriate content to the Digital Preservation Coalition digital preservation Web site and other Web pages.

FILTER consultancy

The FILTER project (Focusing Images for Learning and Teaching - an Enriched Resource) is funded through the JISC and managed by the Institute for Learning and Teaching Technologies at the University of Bristol. Other partners include TASI, the JISC-funded Technical Advisory Service for Images and representatives of specific LTSN subject centres.

The aims of FILTER are to enable the use of digital image datasets to support learning and teaching and to help facilitate the integration of image resources with pedagogical practice.

UKOLN's work in FILTER is focused on the development or adaptation of a metadata element set to support the use of images in learning and teaching. This will include the production of a state-of-the-art report on image metadata formats and uses and some guidelines.


HILT (HIgh Level Thesaurus project) was a one-year project, funded by RSLP and the JISC, which was completed in August 2001. The lead partner was the Centre for Digital Library Research at Strathclyde University, with UKOLN as the second main partner. Other partners were OCLC, mda, National Council on Archives, National Grid for Learning (Scotland), Scottish Library and Information Council (SLIC) and Scottish University for Industry (SUfI).

The project made recommendations on how to facilitate cross-searching and browsing by subject across a wide range of communities and services including archives, libraries, museums, the DNER, RDN and other Web information services and initiatives. A key element of the project was to reach a community consensus on potential solutions.

UKOLN carried out a survey of thesauri and other subject terminologies. The survey focused on examining working systems that are available on the Web.

IMesh Toolkit

The IMesh Toolkit project is funded under the NSF/JISC Digital Libraries Initiative 2, and is a collaboration between partners in the UK and the US. Our project partners are the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol (ILRT) and the Internet Scout Project, University  of Wisconsin-Madison (ISP). It is with deep regret that we report the death in July of Susan Calcari, of the Internet Scout Project, who had done much towards the establishment of this project, and in the wider world of digital library development.

The aim of the IMesh Toolkit project is to define and implement a subject gateway architecture which specifies individual components and the manner in which they interoperate. UKOLN provides project management, and leads on dissemination and other work packages. UKOLN also hosts the project Web site. During the last year, a technical review covering software, formats and protocols was completed. The review was an internal deliverable intended to inform on current practices and standards. A software comparison report, which had been prepared for ROADS, was updated and refocused for IMesh. The standards and protocols sections included not only the well-established protocols such as Z39.50, but also newly-emerging standards such as RDF and OAI. Work on the technical review was complemented by the subject gateway requirements workpackage (led by the ILRT) which investigated the current needs and practices of subject gateways by means of a questionnaire.

An architectural overview was then produced, showing the different components that can make up a subject gateway. The wealth of standards available, both for data formats as well as for data exchange protocols, and the relative uncertainty about the future of some of them, makes it clear that the goal of specifying a detailed API based on the architecture would be problematic. During the last year, the project has taken a bottom-up approach in its software development activities, focusing on delivering units of functionality that are part of the architectural overview. Attention will be given to the requirement that any software components developed should be able to co-operate with existing tools, applications and programming interfaces, irrespective of implementations and vendors.

Two components of particular interest to UKOLN are personalisation and annotation. Work is under way to specify and then develop software to provide personalisation and annotation services to users of subject gateways. The SOAP protocol is being investigated to find out whether it is possible to develop components that are self-contained and independent of the service with which they are used. Our work aims to show if this requirement can be met in practice, and specifically, demonstrate what role a protocol such as SOAP can have. In this development  we are working closely with the RDN.

In the coming year, we also look forward to closer collaboration with the 5/99 DNER projects, some of which may be representative of potential users of the IMesh Toolkit software. This direction is supported by the DNER programme, and the invitation to join one of the'clusters' within the 5/99 programme resulted out of the Synthesis Meeting, organised last May by the DNER Programme. One other outcome of the Synthesis Meeting was that in response to a suggestion by the reviewers, the IMesh Toolkit project is actively considering the possibility of a second IMesh workshop. To this end, an informal meeting was held successfully at ECDL 2001 in Darmstadt, Germany.

Open Archives Forum

The Open Archives Forum will be funded as an Accompanying Measure within the EU's Information Society Technologies (IST) Programme. UKOLN has the role of coordinator, and the other partners are the Computing Centre of Humboldt University in Berlin and Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche of Pisa.

The objective of the project is to provide a Europe-based forum for dissemination of information about European activity related to open archives and the Open Archive Initiative (OAI), facilitating communication between IST projects, national initiatives and other interested organisations. UKOLN will also take responsibility for the examination of organisational issues related to open archives and the use of the Open Archives Harvesting Protocol. The official start date is 1 October 2001, and the project runs for two years.


The Renardus (Academic Subject Gateway Service Europe) project is funded under the European Union's Fifth Framework Programme as part of the Information Societies Technology (IST) programme. The project aims to establish an academic subject gateway service in Europe, and create an environment for collaboration among national subject gateway initiatives. Renardus began in January 2000 and will culminate in June 2002. The project is co-ordinated by the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (the National Library of the Netherlands): UKOLN has responsibility for two of the eight project work packages, those relating to the functional model and business issues for the service. A range of Renardus activities involving significant UKOLN contribution in these and other work packages was covered in Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context, published in D-Lib Magazine in April.

UKOLN is leading the work establishing the functional architecture that will both support and document the development of the Renardus broker system. A project-internal initial version of the architectural model for the Renardus system was completed in December. Work on the final version of the architectural model for the Renardus system is in progress. The technical architecture is based on functional requirements for the broker, the emerging Renardus data model, and reviews of existing broker architectures and relevant technology standards and protocols that were carried out earlier within the project. The chosen architectural solution will support resource discovery by searching and browsing within a single, browser-based user interface across distributed Renardus databases via a Web-to-Z39.50 broker. The databases and database servers will be set up and maintained by individual gateways or clusters of gateways, according to agreed interoperability guidelines including an agreed data model. The architecture will also support access to a directory of descriptions of the participating subject-based gateways, built on harvested metadata and providing a basis for choosing a subset of gateways for cross-searching (an information landscape) as well as links to the gateways for end- users who require the specialist search and other services they provide. An alpha version of the pilot Renardus broker was tested by project partners including UKOLN, and UKOLN staff contributed to the evolving design of the user interface. In February a short presentation was given on end-user evaluation in the Renardus project at the workshop session on Evaluation of Digital Libraries of the First EU-DL All Projects Concertation meeting in Luxembourg.

UKOLN is also involved in the Renardus work packages that cover business and organisational issues. As leader of the business issues work package, UKOLN co-ordinated the publication in September 2000 of a report entitled Business Issues which Impact the Functional Model. This report provided an introduction to the different business models used by subject gateways and highlighted some specific issues. Follow up work has concentrated on developing a potential organisational and business model for a future Renardus service. UKOLN is co-ordinating the production of a new deliverable that will follow-up some of the generic issues identified in the earlier report with specific regard to the sustainability of the Renardus service. Drafts of this document were produced through the summer of 2001 for discussion at project meetings.

UKOLN has also been a participant in the classification mapping working group - part of the work of the Renardus work package on metadata sharing and multilinguality. The project felt that it was important that the Renardus broker should offer access to the resources chosen by participating gateways through a generic subject browse structure. However, gateways use a wide variety of different classification schemes and subject vocabularies to organise their resources. In order to facilitate cross browsing within the Renardus broker, a small working group was constituted in late 2000 to develop a technical approach and to produce some guidelines. The group proposed that the browse implementation in the pilot server would be based on mapping a central classification scheme - the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) - to the subject hierarchies of participating gateways. The working group produced an initial report and guidelines in early 2001, and held a workshop at the State and University Library of Goettingen in mid-February in order to introduce gateway staff to the mapping process. Work on producing the mappings and developing the central browse interface continued throughout the summer of 2001.

REVEAL Collections Register

This work on collection level descriptions was funded by Resource as part of the Reveal initiative to improve library and information services to visually impaired people. UKOLN, in partnership with Samsara Research, is developing a Web-based collection register based on the RSLP collection description schema. Users will be able to search for collections that hold materials of interest to them in their preferred format, and find information on how to contact them. The search page, results display and the Web entry form are designed with accessibility for visually impaired users in mind. Work on the Web data entry forms and associated database is now complete and available to Reveal for use in training. The Web search form for end users is largely complete and undergoing testing.

RSLP Collection Level Description Database Tool

Work on the RSLP Collection Level Description relational database is now complete. Work was carried out in partnership with Samsara Research which provided the Microsoft Access relational database which is now available from the RSLP tools section of the UKOLN Web site. Its layout closely reflects the organisation of the RSLP schema, this can be customised to meet local presentation requirements. This brings to an end work on the RSLP Collection level Description project at UKOLN, further work in this area is being taken forward by the Collection Description Focus.

SCHEMAS: A Forum for Metadata Schema Designers and Implementers

The SCHEMAS project is a two year accompanying measure to the European Commission's Fifth Framework Programme. It is funded as part of the Information Society Technologies (IST) Programme. The project began in February 2000 and is due to run until the end of January 2002.

UKOLN's partners in this project are Pricewaterhouse Coopers, Luxembourg, who are the project co-ordinators, and the German National Research Centre for Information Technology, recently merged with Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.

The overall aim of the project is to provide a forum for sharing information about metadata schemas between projects in the IST Programme and other national initiatives in Europe. The goal is to help in the development of schemas which will not only meet local requirements, but also make use of existing standards in order to promote interoperability. One of the project's main objectives is to serve as a source of information on the status and use of new and emerging metadata standards. This is being achieved through the Metadata and Standards Watch services which produce reports on a regular basis. An equally important role of the project is the promotion of good practice guidelines for adapting metadata standards for local use in application specific schemas.

In order to meet these aims the project is investigating the structure and development of metadata schema registries, including a multilingual approach. The SCHEMAS registry is now available which publishes and discloses local application profiles or schemas, as well as 'standard' metadata schemas. In addition a series of workshops has been organised with an emphasis on the requirements and functionality of the registry.

UKOLN's role in the SCHEMAS project contributes to a continuation of its core work in the area of metadata and metadata standards. UKOLN's major responsibilities in SCHEMAS include: organisation of the workshops, including preparation of workshop materials and contributions in terms of presentations and discussion sessions; development of a prototype registry which has involved investigation and implementation of a registry architecture, as well as liaison with external developers as to user requirements; hosting and maintaining the project Web site and publicising and disseminating project outcomes.

We investigated a prototype registry based on the EOR Toolkit from OCLC, but found that the software development effort required is too great due to the rapid changes the toolkit is under-going. We have therefore settled on a prototype registry based on the DESIRE demonstrator and are currently in the process of populating this registry with application profiles and namespaces. We are engaged at present in organising the fourth and last workshop in the current series. This will be a one-day event and will take place at Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the National Library of the Netherlands, in the Hague on 30 November 2001.

Subject Portals Project

UKOLN will provide a project management role for the Subject Portals project which runs from August 2001 to July 2003. The project will deliver portal services that integrate with the subject gateway services provided by the RDN at BIOME, EEVL, SOSIG and HUMBUL. These partners are collaborating with other related portal initiatives at MathGate, PSIGate and the Arts and Humanities Data Service who are all contributing to the project. The project is funded as part of the JISC 5/99 programme and follows on from the work on prototyping portals in the SAD1 project.

Project management was handed to UKOLN in August by Judith Clark who had been seconded from her post at James Cook University to the DNER team at Kings College to act as the project manager and has now returned to Australia. All those associated with the project would like to acknowledge her contribution and commitment over the last year.

Development work on the project will be taking place at ILRT who will also co-ordinate development work from other partners. The re-location of the post will enable the project manager to work closely with technical staff funded by RDNC at UKOLN, as well as development staff working on the DNER funded IMesh Toolkit project. The post is currently being advertised with a view to an appointment in late 2001. Meanwhile other staff within the UKOLN R&D team are covering essential work.


The research staff work as a team across a number of projects, having particular expertise in different areas, for example software development, useability studies, participatory design, architectural frameworks, metadata schemas and digital preservation. For the year to July 2001 the team was Monica Bonnett, Leona Carpenter, Michael Day, Rachel Heery (Team Leader), Manjula Patel, Bridget Robinson, Rosemary Russell and Richard Waller.

Distributed Systems and Services

.... building useful and innovative network services ....

Resource Discovery Network

UKOLN provides a technical support service to the RDN. This service includes the provision of advice about interoperability and standards to all RDN partners as well as support for the central RDN Web site, the operation and development of the ResourceFinder and other central shared services. ResourceFinder provides a cross-search facility for the RDN, allowing people to search all the RDN gateways in one go. This year has seen the move of the ResourceFinder service from being a Z39.50-based cross-search service into a centralised database of all records. Records are gathered into the central database using the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol and stored in a Cheshire database. To enable this, we have developed OAI tools that allow each of the RDN gateways to turn their databases into OAI-compliant repositories and a central record gathering utility. Information about this development was disseminated through a poster paper at the tenth WWW conference and a report to the European OAI Day in Berlin. Based on this work, Andy Powell was asked to become a member of the OAI Technical Group, and we hope that practical RDN OAI implementation experience continues to inform the development of the protocol more generally.

This year saw a new design for the RDN Web site and UKOLN staff spent some time layering the new design over the existing site. This work also included the development of a highly accessible text-only version of the new site.

The RDN continues to try and make information available in new and interesting ways. This year has seen continued interest in RDN-Include, our technology for embedding ResourceFinder into institutional and other Web sites in such a way that their look and feel is preserved. More recently we have been developing a more lightweight way of doing this. Again, this work formed the topic of a poster paper at the tenth WWW conference. We also make the news on our site available for use by others by making it available as an RSS channel. This includes general news about the RDN and our Behind the Headlines service, a service that provides background information about current affairs news stories based on the resource description in the RDN databases.

UKOLN have proposed a number of shared services to the RDN, covering areas such as news and alerting, authentication, user-preferences and personalisation, annotation services and reading lists. We have worked closely with UKOLN staff on the IMesh Toolkit project to develop these ideas and hope to see this work bearing fruit during the next year.

UKOLN is a partner in the Renardus project and UKOLN RDN staff have worked closely with members of the R&D team to contribute to this project.  Based on this collaboration we have made all RDN records available to the project as part of its European-wide cross-searching service.

We are also contributing to the JISC-funded Gate-Z project. Working closely with Crossnet Systems Ltd. We have been enhancing our directory of UK Z39.50 targets, using robot software developed by Crossnet. The information generated by the robot will be made available using the Explain-Lite XML application.


Uptake of RDN-Include is steady, with a couple of requests (mainly from Further Education Colleges) for the code a month. There are now two commercial organisations using the software, four further education colleges, six higher education institutions and two not-for-profit organisations (including the NHS in its National electronic Library for Health). Others have requested the software and we are in the process of supporting their installations, in addition to developing the software to meet their requirements. Around a third of the searches performed at the RDN are via RDN-Include.

DNER Technical Architecture

A significant amount of effort this year has been spent developing a generic technical architecture for the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER). This work started out as a single study, though more recently it has transitioned into a more wide ranging technical support and advisory service for the DNER programme team.

The technical architecture describes a framework within which the DNER information environment can be delivered, covering both the functionality of the DNER, and the technical standards and protocols necessary to realise it. The study considers two key problems; the portal problem or'how do you provide discovery services across multiple content providers'; and the appropriate copy problem or'having found something, how do you provide access to the most appropriate copy of it?' The study proposes an information environment comprising, content providers, fusion services, presentation services, infrastructional shared services and specifies the machine-to-machine interfaces that allow the different components to interoperate.

This work has been widely disseminated, both within JISC and externally. The architecture was presented to the IMS Digital Repository Working Group, where it contributed to the development of the group's initial white paper, to the European Library Automations Group and elsewhere. We are also actively encouraging architectural links with UK GRIDS activity and with the government Interoperability Framework.


DC-dot, UKOLN's Dublin Core metadata generator and editor continues to be widely used. It has been used to describe over 50,000 different resources since it was first made available, and has been used as part of several library and information science courses world-wide.


DC-assist, a metadata help utility, continues to be popular. Both DC-dot and DC-assist have been kept up to date with current DCMI standards.  DC-assist now includes support for the DC-Education application profile for example.


This year has seen significant interest in the use of OpenURLs. To help clarify the ways in which OpenURLs might be useful to institutional and other library services, we developed a simple open source, OpenURL resolver, known as OpenResolver. This tool is freely available for use through the UKOLN Web site or by downloading the source code. This work formed the basis for an introductory article about OpenURLs in Ariadne, as well as underpinning some contributions to the discussion about OpenURLs within the DC-Citation Working Group.


As mentioned above, RSS is an XML application for sharing news feeds on the Web. UKOLN now provide a simple Web-based RSS editor, known as RSS-xpress. This tool is used by the RDN to create their central news page and'Behind the Headlines' service as well as by UKOLN itself. UKOLN news, as seen on our home page is also available as an RSS channel.

Systems Support

UKOLN has continued to provide UK mirrors for key resources of interest to our communities. This includes mirrors of D-Lib magazine, the DCMI Web site and the Liblicense site.

The Distributed Systems and Services team provides in-house technical support to all UKOLN staff. Our core services (internal and external) are provided using three Sun Solaris services and two NT servers. This year has also seen the addition of three new servers for the Agora, SCHEMAS and Stories from the Web projects.


The Distributed Systems and Services Team is lead by Andy Powell. Pete Cliff provides much of the day-to-day technical effort for the RDN activities. Eddie Young is responsible for providing most of the internal technical support, hardware and software purchasing and for liaising with the University of Bath Computing Services about networking, security and archiving arrangements.

Information Services

The Information Services Team responsibilities include the UKOLN Web site and its ejournals.

UKOLN Web Site

The appointment of a Web Editor provides UKOLN with resources to update its Web site. The initial work has focused on updating the content. Work is in progress to update the technical infrastructure for our Web services, including the use of database technologies to manage structured resources.


The Ariadne ejournal continues to play an important role in disseminating information to information science professionals. Although its main focus is the UK Higher and Further Education community it is widely read in the US and worldwide within the broad networked information community.

Issues of Ariadne were published in September 2000, January 2001, March 2001 and June 2001. Articles published include overviews of strategic areas (such as Michael Breaks overview of eLib Hybrid Library Projects in issue 28), reviews of important technological developments (e.g. Monica Bonett review of personalised Web sites) and standards (e.g. David Duce's contribution on scalable vector graphics), descriptions of JISC projects (e.g. Sarah Currier on the INSPIRAL project), public library work (e.g. Jonathon Kendal on LEODIS) together with a series of regular columns.

Exploit Interactive

The Exploit Interactive ejournal provided UKOLN's contribution to the EXPLOIT project, which was an accompanying measure within the European Commission's (DG XIII) Telematics for Libraries Programme. The final issue was published in October 2000. Exploit Interactive has now been replaced by the Cultivate Interactive Web magazine, which provides a similar service but with a broader coverage.

Cultivate Interactive

The Cultivate Interactive Web magazine is UKOLN's contribution to the CULTIVATE project, which is an accompanying measure within the European Commission's (DG XIII) DIGICULT Programme. Cultivate Interactive has a similar remit to Exploit Interactive but with a broader coverage which encompasses the museums, archives and other cultural heritage communities in addition to the library community.

Cultivate Interactive was launched in July 2000. Subsequent issues have been published in October 2000, January 2001 and May 2001.

Other Work

Marieke Napier and Brian Kelly ran a half-day workshop on publishing Web magazines, ejournals & Webzines at the Internet Librarian International conference in March 2001. Marieke also ran workshops on developing an online magazine at the Public Library Web Managers Workshop in October 2000 and on benchmarking Web sites at the Institutional Web Management workshop in June 2001.

Web Statistics

A summary of statistics for access to the UKOLN Web site <> and to the Ariadne Web magazine <> are shown:


An average of 31,098 hits were received per day on the UKOLN site, a significant increase from the 14,777 hits recorded over the same period last year. There was an average of 3,185 visitor sessions per day, compared with 1,684 per day over the same period last year.

There were 476,477 visitor sessions on Ariadne over the year, with an average of 1,305 per day, compared with 889 per day last year.


UKOLNs Information Services Team consists of two Information Officers (Philip Hunter and Marieke Napier) and a Web Editor (Shirley Keane). The team is led by Brian Kelly.

Shirley Keane was appointed to the Web Editor post in January 2001. This is a joint post with DACS (the Division of Access and Continuing Studies).

Events Management

The Joined-Up Web: Fourth Institutional Web Management Workshop, Bath

6-8 September 2000

Managing the Virtual Branch: public library Web managers workshop, Bath

10-12 October 2000

The Future is Hybrid: Libraries in the 21st Century: a one day workshop, London

1 November 2000

Interoperability at the Coalface: a one day management briefing, London

24 November 2000

Publishing and sharing your metadata application profile: second SCHEMAS workshop, Bonn

23-24 November 2000

Information Infrastructures for Digital Preservation: workshop, York

6 December 2000

Preservation 2000: an International conference on the preservation and long term accessibility of digital materials, York

7-8 December 2000

The Future is Hybrid: Libraries in the 21st Century a one day workshop, Manchester/Edinburgh

20, 27 February 2001

MODELS workshop on authorisation, Warwick

24-25 April 2001

Managing schemas in a multilingual Semantic Web: third SCHEMAS workshop, Budapest

10-11 May 2001

Fifth Institutional Web Management Workshop, Belfast

25-27 June 2001

Open Archives meeting, London

11 July 2001


The above events were organised by Joy Fraser with assistance from Birgit Kongialis. The Resources and Administration Team also provides some support for these events.

Office Administration and Support Services

Administrative support for all of UKOLN's activities is provided by Ruth Burt, the UKOLN Office Administrator, Ali Cook, the Financial Administrator, Sally Criddle, the Resource Co-ordinator and Birgit Kongialis, who provides administrative support to the general office as well as support for the Events Management activities

Sally Criddle leads to Resources and Administration Team.

Eddie Young provides support for office systems.

Getting and spending

UKOLN Funding

Breakdown of Current Funding

The following chart shows the breakdown of funding received for the period August 2000 to July 2001.

income flow chart

Core funding

UKOLN's core activities during the period were funded by Resource and the JISC. Funding supported UKOLN's activities in areas of public library networking, bibliographic management, event management and information services. In addition it supported the Director, some administrative and managerial support and office systems support.

Project income is categorised as JISC funding or research grants.

JISC funding

JISC income (other than core) for the year comprised funding for work on the following projects: UK Web Focus, Agora, Interoperability Focus, Cedars, Resource Discovery Network Centre, IMesh Toolkit, e-Tools study, Z-Gate, HILT, DNER Collections Mapping, DNER Architecture study, Collection Description Focus.

Research grants

The following projects provided research grant income during the period: Interoperability Focus, REVEAL, Collection Description Focus and the European Commission funded projects SCHEMAS, Renardus and Cultivate.


Income categorised as consultancy included that from the EU project EXPLOIT, the New Opportunities Fund, and the National Bibliographic Office.


UKOLN organises a number of workshops in support of its own work - as well as organising events for its funders and other stakeholders. During the period two Institutional Web Managers workshops were organised by UK Web Focus, a Public Library Web Managers workshop by the Public Library Networking Focus and a Management Briefing Day, by the Interoperability Focus.


We received a small amount of income in the form of royalties from our Library Association publications, particularly The Public Librarians Guide to the Internet, which was published July 2000.

Core Income and Expenditure

Full details of income and expenditure during this year have been submitted to our funding bodies in accordance with their conditions of grant.

Spreading the word

Publications, Presentations, Committees and Visitors

UKOLN has extensive communication and dissemination channels nationally and internationally and staff contribute to the community through membership of a wide range of influential committees.

A selective list of publications, presentations and committee memberships follows. Also included is a list of some of the visitors that UKOLN received during the year.


Monica Bonett

Personalisation of Web Services: Opportunities and Challenges. Ariadne Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

Leona Carpenter

Accessibility: CHI 2001 and Beyond. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context. With Rachel Heery and Michael Day. D-Lib Magazine, April 2001, Vol. 7, no. 4 <>.

DECOMATE II - Logged on to Economics: report on the Final Conference held in Barcelona, 22-23 June 2000. Ariadne, Issue 25, September 2000
< /issue25/decomate-II/>.

Ann Chapman

Developing a national database of resources in accessible formats: a feasibility study. A report to the British Library Cooperation and Partnership Programme from the STV Reveal Development Steering Group, 22 September 2000. An edited version is available at: <>.

Developing a new resource for visually impaired people. With Helen Brazier. Poster paper given at the 10th International World Wide Web Conference, Hong Kong, 1-5 May 2001 <>.

Pete Cliff

RDN-Include: Re-branding remote resources. Poster paper given at the 10th International World Wide Web Conference, Hong Kong, 1-5 May 2001. (With Andy Powell and Brian Kelly)

Distributed Computing - the SETI@home project. With Eddie Young. Ariadne 27, Issue 27, March 2001

Sally Criddle

Acceptable Use of the Internet. In: Webwise Librarians, BBC, 2000.

Internet Acceptable Use Policies. Networked Services Policy Taskgroup Issue Paper <>.

Michael Day

Business issues which impact the functional model. With Hans-Jürgen Becker, Petra Lepschy and Heike Neuroth. Renardus project deliverable. September 2000 <>.

Preservation 2000. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

Review of: Christine L. Borgman, From Gutenberg to the global information infrastructure: access to information in the networked world. (MIT Press, 2000). Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context. With Rachel Heery and Leona Carpenter. D-Lib Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 4, April 2001 <>.

E-print services and long-term access to the record of scholarly and scientific research. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

Metadata in a nutshell. Information Europe, Vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2001, p. 11.

Rachel Heery

Declaring and sharing metadata schemas - the SCHEMAS project. Information Europe, Vol. 6 Issue 2, Summer 2001.

A position paper on quality issues for cultural Web sites: Experience from DESIRE and Renardus. eEurope meeting on'Coordination of national digitisation policies and programmes': La culture dans la société de la connaissance, Bruxelles, July 2001 <>.

SCHEMAS: greep krijgen op metadata. Informatie Professional, 2001 [5] 7/8, Juli/Augustus 2001. Translated by Marianne Peereboom.

OAI Open Meeting. Cultivate Interactive. May 2001

Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context. With Leona Carpenter and Michael Day. D-Lib Magazine, Vol. 7, no. 4. April 2001. <>.

Application profiles: mixing and matching metadata schemas. With Manjula Patel. Ariadne, Issue 25, September 2000 <>.

Philip Hunter

The Management of Content: Universities and the Electronic Publishing Revolution. A perspective on university involvement in the development of electronic publishing via a comparison with their role in the earlier publishing revolution of the 15th century. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

The Future is Hybrid: Libraries in the 21st Century: a one day workshop. With John MacColl. Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Book Review: Digital imaging: a practical handbook by Stuart D. Lee. With Marieke Napier. Ariadne, Issue 26, February 2001 <>.

X marks the spot: SoftQuad's content enabler scores a bullseye. A review of the SoftQuad XMetaL 2.0 XML editor. Information World Review, January 2001.

Reach for your Revolvers: EVA 2000, Edinburgh. A report on the Edinburgh EVA conference and workshops held in July 2000. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 2, October 2000.

The Digital Library Jigsaw. Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

New Landscapes: on the new Director of UKOLN, the eLib Programme, and the DNER. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

Beyond the Web Site: on the content of Ariadne issue 25 and recent developments in the world of Digital Library initiatives. Ariadne, Issue 25, September 2000 <>.

Pete Johnston

Interoperability: supporting effective access to information resources. Library & Information Briefings (LIBS) 108, June 2001. Available from LITC, South Bank University.

SCHEMAS Third Workshop Report. SCHEMAS project deliverable, June 2001 <>.

After the Big Bang: the forces of change and e-learning. Ariadne, Issue 27 March 2001 <>.

Brian Kelly

Legal, decent, honest and truthful? Electronic Public Information, July 2001 <>.

Web Focus: hot news from WWW10. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

WebWatch: size of institutional top level pages. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

RDN-Include: re-branding remote resources. With Pete Cliff and Andy Powell. WWW10 Conference Poster Proceedings, May 2001

Web Focus: HTML is dead! Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

WebWatch: what's related to my Web site? Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Working with the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER): Standards and Guidelines to Build a National Resource. Edited by Catherine Grout and Caroline Ingram. Written by Neil Beagrie, Hugh Buchanan, Tom Franklin, Catherine Grout, Brian Kelly, Caroline Ingram, Paul Miller, Greg Newton-Ingham, Andy Powell. JISC policy document, February 2001 <>.

Web Focus: the Web on your phone and TV. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

WebWatch: WebWatching eLib project Web sites. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

What's happened to my slides: giving presentations at conferences. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 3, January 2001<>.

WebWatch: a survey of Web server software used in UK university Web sites. Ariadne, Issue 25, October 2000 <>.

Web Focus: Report On the'Institutional Web Management: The Joined-Up Web' Workshop Published in Ariadne, Issue 25, October 2000 <>.

WebWatching telematics for libraries project Web sites. Exploit Interactive, Issue 7, October 2000 <>.

Advertising on the network. VINE, Issue 120, September 2000 <>.

Liz Lyon

UKOLN Strategy and Work Programme August 2001-July 2004. Submission to Resource and JISC. July 2001.

DNER Technical Architecture: scoping the information environment. With Andy Powell. Report to the DNER, May 2001

Paul Miller

Taking a common view of educational metadata. D-Lib Magazine, April 2001 <>

Towards consensus on educational metadata. Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Working with the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER): Standards and Guidelines to Build a National Resource. Edited by Catherine Grout and Caroline Ingram. Written by Neil Beagrie, Hugh Buchanan, Tom Franklin, Catherine Grout, Brian Kelly, Caroline Ingram, Paul Miller, Greg Newton-Ingham, Andy Powell. JISC policy document, February 2001 <>.

A Review of Methods of Access to Resources. With Derek Morrison and Cris Woolston Commissioned scoping study for the e-University, January 2001.

Collected Wisdom: some cross-domain issues of Collection Level Description. D-Lib Magazine, 6/9, September 2000

Towards the intelligent museum. With Alice Grant. Ariadne, Issue 25, September 2000 <>.

Joining the DNER: guidance on interoperating with the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER) for product suppliers. With Alicia Wise. JISC policy document, September 2000 <>.

Marieke Napier

Ariadne Editorial. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001<>.

Digital Museums: braining up or dumbing down? Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>.

Cultivate Interactive Editorial. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 4, May 2001

Internet Librarian International 2001. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 4, May 2001 <>.

Book Review: Digital imaging: a practical handbook by Stuart D. Lee. With Philip Hunter. Ariadne, Issue 26, February 2001 <>.

Moving Memories: digitising the cultural heritage Europe shares. Library Association Record, Vol. 103(2), February 2001 <>.

Cultivate Interactive Editorial. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 3, January 2001 <>.

The European Information Association helping you through the EU minefield. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 3, January 2001 <>.

Book Review: EUROJARGON by Anne Ramsay. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 3, January 2001 <>.

Cultivate Interactive Editorial. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 2, October 2000 <>.

The soldiers are in the coffee - an introduction to machine translation. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 2, October 2000 <>.

Making your DIGICULT Web site visually appealing - an introduction to using graphics on the Web. Cultivate Interactive, Issue 2, October 2000

Exploit Interactive Editorial. Exploit Interactive, Issue 7, October 2000

Software in Use: comparing externally-hosted Web statistics and purchased statistics services. Exploit Interactive, Issue 7, October 2000 <>.

Sarah Ormes

I Just Got Back from the Windy City. Ariadne Issue 25, September 2000 <>.

To Filter or not to Filter, that is the Question. In: Webwise Librarians, BBC, 2000.

Lights Out and Silver Boots On. Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Stories from the Web: Project. With Anne Everall, Lydia Matheson and Doreen Williams. Report LIC Research Report 77. Available from Resource.

An E-book Primer. Networked Services Policy Taskgroup Issue Paper <>.

It's the end of the world as we know it (and I feel fine) or How I learned to stop worrying and love the e-book. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

Managing the Virtual Branch: Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000. Ariadne, Issue 26, January 2001 <>.

Manjula Patel

Application Profiles: mixing and matching metadata schemas. With Rachel Heery. Ariadne, Issue 25, September 2000 <>.

Andy Powell

RDN Terminology. July 2001 <>.

OpenResolver: a Simple OpenURL Resolver. Ariadne, Issue 28, June 2001 <>

RDN Interoperability and Standards Framework. May 2001 <>

DNER Technical Architecture: scoping the information environment. With Liz Lyon. Report to the DNER, May 2001

An OAI Approach to Sharing Subject Gateway Content. Poster paper at 10th WWW conference, Hong Kong, May 2001 <>.

RDN-Include: re-branding remote resources. With Pete Cliff and Brian Kelly. Poster paper at 10th WWW conference, Hong Kong, May 2001 <>.

RDN-News - an RDN News Service. March 2001 <>.

Encoding OpenURLs in Dublin Core metadata. With Ann Apps. Ariadne, Issue 27, March 2001 <>.

Working with the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER): Standards and Guidelines to Build a National Resource. Edited by Catherine Grout and Caroline Ingram. Written by Neil Beagrie, Hugh Buchanan, Tom Franklin, Catherine Grout, Brian Kelly, Caroline Ingram, Paul Miller, Greg Newton-Ingham, Andy Powell. JISC policy document, February 2001 <>.

Some ideas for shared RDN services. January 2001

URLs at Bath: a discussion paper. October 2000 <>.

RSLP Collection description. With Michael Heaney and Lorcan Dempsey. D-Lib Magazine September 2000 <>.

Bridget Robinson

Agora: the hybrid library from a users perspective. With David Palmer. March 2001 Ariadne, Issue 26 <>.

Collection Level Description - the RIDING and Agora Experience. With Dr. E.V. Brack and David Palmer . D-Lib Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 9, September 2000 <>.

Agora Monthly News Bulletins <>.

Agora Release 1 - UKOLN Case Study Report<>.


Monica Bonett

The IMesh Toolkit Project, Synthesis Meeting, Bath, May 2001 <> - restricted access. (With Rachel Heery and Dan Brickley)

Leona Carpenter

Evaluation in the Renardus Project. An informal presentation in the parallel session 'Evaluation of Digital Libraries' First EU-DL All Projects Concertation meeting 7-8 February 2001, Luxembourg.

Ann Chapman

Developing a new resource for visually impaired people. British Library Project Showcase Day, The British Library, 17 October. 2000. (With Helen Brazier)

A Revealing resources. First International Conference on Tactile Diagrams, University of Hertfordshire, 9-10 October, 2000. (With Helen Brazier)

Pete Cliff

Providing an Institutional Gateway to the Internet. CALIM training day, Salford University, 13 December 2000.

Behind the Scenes - guide to Web site infrastructure. Public Library Web Managers Workshop, Bath, October 2000.

Sally Criddle

Standards and Architectures for NOF Digitisation Projects: NOF Introductory Workshops, Newport and York, September and October 2001 <>.

The Development of Electronic Services in Public Libraries. Presentation to the MSc in Information and Library Management at Bristol University. Bristol University, 11 September 2001 <>.

Michael Day

Metadata: SCHEMAS and other European projects. First Austrian Metadata Seminar, Vienna, Austria, 18 May 2001.

The SCHEMAS project and metadata. European Treasury Broker (ETB) Workshop, London, 9 January 2001.

Metadata and interoperability: the use of standards in the Resource Discovery Network (RDN).Interoperability by Crossbrowsing Subject Based Information Gateways seminar, Oslo University Library, Oslo, Norway, 21 November 2000.

Rachel Heery

Quality issues for cultural Web sites: experience from DESIRE and Renardus. Experts meeting on co-ordination of digitisation policies and programmes, Centre Albert Borschette, Brussels, 17 July 2001.

Open Archives Forum: European support for Open Archive activity. DNER, CURL, UKOLN: Developing an agenda for institutional e-print archives. Institute of Mechanical Engineers, London, 11 July 2001.

Building vocabularies. Building digital library portals with harvested metadata. First EU-DL All projects concertation meeting, Luxembourg, 8 February 2001.

What are application profiles? Second SCHEMAS Workshop, Gustav Stresemann-Institut, Bonn, 23 November 2000.

Modular management of complexity: application profiles. DC-8: the 8th International Dublin Core Metadata Workshop, National Library of Canada, Ottawa, 4 October 2000.

SCHEMAS and the MEG registry. Metadata for Education Group meeting, Renold Building, UMIST, Manchester, 11 September 2000.

Pete Johnston

The role of metadata schemas registries. XML and Educational Metadata Workshop, South Bank University, London, 11 July 2001

Metadata: an overview. XML and Educational Metadata Workshop, South Bank University, London, 11 July 2001

Brian Kelly

Approaches to Web site development for the 21st Century. University of Leeds 9 July 2001 <>.

Automated news feeds. Institutional Web Management 2001 workshop, Queens University Belfast, 25-27 June 2001

Providing information to third parties. Institutional Web Management 2001 workshop, Queens University Belfast, 25-27 June 2001

Best practices for project Web sites. JISC 5/99 event, London, 18-19 June 2001 <>.

Beyond the PC: New devices for our users. SCURL/SLAMIT E-Books event, Wolfson Centre, Edinburgh University, 7 June 2001

The latest Web developments. 24th UKSG (UK Serials Group) Annual Conference, Heriot-Watt University, 2-4 April 2001

Beyond design: Advertising on your Web site. Internet Librarian International Conference, Olympia, London, 26-28 March 2001

WebWizards' Roundtable. Internet Librarian International Conference, Olympia, London, 26-28 March 2001 <>.

Publishing Web Magazines, Ejournals & Webzines. Internet Librarian International Conference, Olympia, London, 26-28 March 2001
(With Marieke Napier)

The Web for the PR and marketing communities. HEERA Training Day, Senate House, UCL, London, 21 March 2001

Webzine technologies. SNL, Berne 5 March 2001 and CERN, Geneva, 6 March 2001

Approaches to resource discovery in the UK HE community. Verity 2000 conference, Athens, 30 November - 1 December 2000

Externally hosted Web services. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000

Auditing and evaluating Web sites. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000,  University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

Future Web trends. MSc course in Library and Information Management, University of Bristol, 21 September 2000

A controversial proposal. Institutional Web Management: The Joined-Up Web workshop, University of Bath, 6-8 September 2000

Liz Lyon

Libraries in the digital world. DELOS International Summer School, Pisa Italy. July 2001.

DNER Architecture. DNER Architecture Study Consultation Meeting, Charity Centre, London, 16 February 2001
(With Andy Powell)

PATRON: Using a multimedia digital library for learning and teaching in the performing arts. EDUCAUSE 2000, Nashville, Tennessee, US, October 2000 <>.

Paul Miller

Controlled vocabularies. South Bank University/EASEL XML workshop, London, 10 July 2001 <>.

Educational metadata. South Bank University/EASEL XML workshop, London, 10 July 2001 <>.

Metadata for interoperable cultural content: a personal viewpoint. European Commissions National Directories of Digital Resources e-Europe working group, Paris, 6 July 2001

XML and RDF. First'Managing Information Resources for e-Government' conference, Brussels, 21 June 2001 <>.

Interoperability and the DNER. DNER projects' briefing day, London, 18 June 2001

XML and the e-GIF. Electronic Public Information conference, Birmingham, 10 May 2001

Interoperability and convergence. Information Resources Division, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, 8 May 2001 <>.

Interoperability of content: one view from the UK. Canadian Government on the Net conference, Hull, Quebec, 24 April 2001 <>.

Joining it all up: relevant standards and developments from the heritage sector and beyond. Institute of Field Archaeologists (IFA) conference, Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 April 2001

The Government approach. ';Interoperability at the Coalface' event, London, 24 November 2000 <>.

Introducing some standards.'Interoperability at the Coalface' event, London, 24 November 2000 <>.

Interoperating: what, why, and towards how. 'Interoperability at the Coalface' event, London, 24 November 2000 <>.

Convergence and technology. Libraries Partnership West Midlands Conference, Birmingham 27 October 2000 <>.

Government Web guidelines. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000

Interoperability: what, why, and some how. Canadian Initiative on Digital Libraries (CIDL), Hull, Quebec, 2 October 2000 <>.

Introducing technical standards. NOF-Digitise workshops in Cardiff, London, Belfast, Glasgow and Manchester, September 2000 <>.

Joined up doing: the road to truly virtual heritage organisations. CIDOC Conference, Ottawa, 25 August 2000 <>.

Marieke Napier

Benchmarking your Web site. Institutional Web Management 2001 workshop, Queens University Belfast, 25-27 June 2001

Publishing Web magazines, e-journals and Webzines. Institutional Web Management 2001 workshop, Queens University Belfast, 25-27 June 2001
(With Brian Kelly)

Exploit Interactive Web magazine. Exploit final review meeting,  Luxembourg, 14 November 2000 <>.

Publicising your Web site with search engines. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

Developing an online magazine. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

Sarah Ormes

An e-book primer. Internet Librarian International. Olympia, London. 26 March 2001 <>.

An e-book primer. eLibraries, eRoles; Our Future. Academic and Special Libraries Section of the Library Association of Ireland. Davenport Hotel, Dublin. 26 March 2001 <>.

Filtering - is this the answer? Children, Social Inclusion and Public Library Networking. EARL Social Inclusion Workshop. Engineering Employers Federation, London, 7 December 2000 <>.

The development of electronic services in public libraries - issues and possibilities. MSc in Information and Library Management, Bristol University, 8 November 2000 <>.

The public library Web site 2003: the virtual branch. Managing the Virtual Branch. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

E-books - the next challenge. MSc in Information and Library Management, Bristol University, 26 September 2000 <>.

Technical standards and the implications for your bid. NOF-Digitise workshops in Cardiff, London, Belfast, Glasgow and Manchester, September 2000 <>.

Manjula Patel

The SCHEMAS forum registry. Third SCHEMAS Workshop, Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 11 May 2001

DESIRE Registry. First SCHEMAS Workshop: Combining multiple metadata standards in implementations: User experience and requirements, Bath, 11 May 2001
(With Rachel Heery)

Harvesting RDF metadata. Building digital library portals with harvested metadata. First EU-DL All projects concertation meeting, Luxembourg, 8 February 2001 <>.

Cascading Style Sheets. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

Andy Powell

DNER Architecture. Colloquium on Emerging Information Architectures, London, 2 July 2001 <>.

Accessing a national digital library: architecture for the UK DNER. ELAG 2001, Prague, 7 June 2001

DNER Architecture. IMS Digital Repositories Working Group meeting, Lund, Sweden, May 2001.

DNER Architecture. MLE Steering Group, London, 4 May 2001

The DNER: aims and architecture. JOIN-UP Seminar on Linking Technologies, Edinburgh, 6 March 2001 <>.

DNER Architecture. Web of Science Enhancement Committee, Centre Point, London, 5 March 2001 <>.

DNER Architecture. DNER Architecture Study Consultation Meeting, Charity Centre, London, 16 February 2001
(With Liz Lyon)

The Resource Discovery Network and OAI. OAI European Open Meeting, Berlin, January 2001 <>.

DNER Architecture. DNER Interfaces Meeting, BUFVC, January 2001.

DNER Architectural Issues. DNER Programme Team staff meeting, King's College London, November 2000

Making your site more dynamic. Public Library Web Managers Workshop 2000, University of Bath, 10 October 2000 <>.

Automated news feeds. Institutional Web Manager's Workshop 2000, University of Bath, September 2000 <>.

Rosemary Russell

HILT: interface review. HIgh-Level Thesaurus (HILT) workshop , Glasgow Caledonian University, 19 June <>.


Ann Chapman

Rachel Heery

Brian Kelly

Liz Lyon

Paul Miller

Sarah Ormes

Manjula Patel

Andy Powell

Selective list of visitors


Neil Beagrie, Assistant Director, Preservation, DNER


Johan Hallenberg, Software Developer, University of Lund, Sweden


Nick Cave, Stories from the Web, Birmingham Libraries


Chris Meaney, Consultant, Harvard Consultancy Services


Jon Maslin, Learning Systems Unit, University of Surrey


Kelvin Smith, Public Records Office, Kew


Prof Mel Collier, University of Northumbria at Newcastle


Kevin Riley, Consultant


Richard Everett, JISC MLE Co-ordinator


Karen Coyle, University of California Digital Library


Anna Grundy, Full-Disclosure Project Officer


Dr Paul Watry, Cheshire II Project, University of Liverpool


Daxa Patel, JISC Technology Development Programmes Co-ordinator


Alison Pope & Caroline House, UCISA Secretariat


Sandy Nairn, Director of National Programmes, Tate Gallery, London


Debbie Campbell, Director, Co-ordination Support Branch, National Library of Australia


Alan Hopper, Consultant, Samsara Research


Doreen Parker, University Librarian, Victoria Library of Technology, Australia


Jane Williams, JISC Assist, Bristol


James Elliott, British Library, Boston Spa