The Renardus (Academic Subject Gateway Service Europe) project (IST-1999-10562) was
funded between 2000 and 2002 as part of the Information Societies Technology
a theme of the European Union's Fifth
Framework Programme managed by the
Information Society Directorate-General
of the European Commission.
Renardus's objective was to establish an academic subject gateway service in Europe,
co-ordinated by national initiatives. A pilot system was developed based on a generic broker-architecture and data-model that allowed integrated searching and browsing of distributed resource collections.
The pilot system evolved for a short time into the Renardus service, run by a consortium of participating subject gateways and technical partners. UKOLN's involvement in this
is described on a separate page
Seleted project publications:
Becker, H.J. & Neuroth, H. (2002). "Cross-searchen und cross-browsen von 'Quality-Controlled Subject Gateways' im EU Projekt Renardus." Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie, 49(3), 133-146.
* Day, M., Koch, T., & Neuroth, H. (2004). "Searching and browsing multiple subject gateways in the Renardus Service." In: van Dijkum, C., Blasius, J. and Durand, C. (eds.) Recent developments and applications in social research methodology: Proceedings of the RC33 Sixth International Conference on Social Science Methodology, Amsterdam 2004. Opladen: Budrich Verlag (CD-ROM). [Preprint in OPuS repository]
* Heery, R., Carpenter, L & Day, M. (2001). "Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context." D-Lib Magazine,7(4). doi:10.1045/april2001-heery. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/heery/04heery.html
Huxley, L. (2000). "Follow the fox to Renardus: an academic subject gateway service for Europe." In: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 4th European Conference, ECDL 2000, Lisbon, Portugal, September 2000. Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1923). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 395-398. doi:10.1007/3-540-45268-0_48
Huxley, L. (2001). "Renardus: fostering collaboration between academic subject gateways in Europe" Online Information Review 25(2), 121-127. doi:10.1108/14684520110390060
Huxley, L. (2002). "Renardus: following the fox from project to service." In: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Technology : 6th European Conference, ECDL 2002, Rome, Italy, September 16-18, 2002. Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2458). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 218-229. doi:10.1007/3-540-45747-X_16
* Huxley, L., Carpenter, L. & Peereboom, M. (2003). "The Renardus broker service: collaborative frameworks and tools." Electronic Library, 21(1), 39-48. doi:10.1108/02640470310462407.
Koch, T., Ardö, A., & Golub, K. (2004). "Browsing and searching behavior in the Renardus Web service: a study based on log analysis." Poster, Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2004 (JCDL 2004), Tuscon, Ariz., USA, 7-11 June 2004. doi:10.1109/JCDL.2004.1336157. Also available: http://homes.ukoln.ac.uk/~kg249/publ/JCDL04postertext.pdf
* Koch, T., Neuroth, H. & Day, M. (2003). "Renardus: Cross-browsing European subject gateways via a common classification system (DDC)." In: McIlwaine, I.C. (ed.) Subject retrieval in a networked world: proceedings of the IFLA Satellite Meeting held in Dublin, OH, 14-16 August 2001. (UBCIM Publications, New Series, Vol. 25). München: K.G. Saur, 25-33. [Preprint in OPuS repository]
Neuroth, H. & Koch, T. (2001). "Metadata mapping and application profiles: approaches to providing the cross-searching of heterogeneous resources in the EU project Renardus." DC-2001: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications 2001, Tokyo, Japan, 24-26 October 2001. Available: http://www.nii.ac.jp/dc2001/proceedings/product/paper-21.pdf
Neuroth, H. & Lepschy, P. (2001). "Das EU Projekt Renardus." Bibliotheksdienst 35(1), 49-63. Available: http://bibliotheksdienst.zlb.de/2001/01_01_05.pdf
Peereboom, M. (2001). "Renardus: de slimme route naar informatie." Informatie Professional, 5(1), 26-29.
* Starred publications include one or more UKOLN staff as co-authors
- Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB) - Netherlands [project co-ordinator]
- Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF)- France
- Die Deutsche Bibliothek (DDB) - Germany
- Institute for Learning and Research Technology (ILRT), University of Bristol - UK
- Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen (SUB) - Germany
- Lund University Library Research and Development Department (NetLab), Lund University - Sweden
- Technical Knowledge Centre and Library of Denmark (DTV) - Denmark
- Finnish Virtual Library Project, Jyväskylä University Library (JyU) - Finland
- Zentralstelle für Agrardokumentation und- information (ZADI) - Germany
- Viikki Science Library, University of Helsinki (ALUH) - Finland
- Center for ScientificComputing (CSC) - Finland
Work on Renardus at UKOLN:
UKOLN contributed to most work packages in the Renardus project.
More specific information on UKOLN's role in Renardus can be found in: Rachel Heery, Leona Carpenter and Michael Day, "Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context," D-Lib Magazine, vol. 7, no. 4 (April 2001). [Available from: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april01/heery/04heery.html]
WP1: Functional Model
UKOLN led this work package, concerned with the establishment of an
architectural model that would support the development of the Renardus broker system.
D1.1 Evaluation report of existing broker models in related projects - Michael Day, Anders Ardö, Matthew J. Dovey, Martin Hamilton, Risto Heikkinen, Andy Powell and Arthur N. Olsen (April 2000).
[Copy in OPuS repository | PDF version | Renardus deliverables page on the Internet Archive]
D1.2 User Requirements for the Broker System - Kimmo Tuominen, Janne Kanner, Manne Miettinen and Rachel Heery (March 2000)
[PDF version | Renardus deliverables page on the Internet Archive]
D1.3 Specification of functional requirements for the broker system - Leona Carpenter et al., issue 1.2 (October 2000)
[Renardus deliverables page on the Internet Archive]
WP2: Design and Implementation
WP2 was concerned with the design and development of the pilot broker system. The workpackage was
led by DTV.
WP3: Organisational Infrastructure
This KB-led workpackage had the objective of developing organisational structures for the
management of the Renardus service and for collaboration between participants.
WP4: Service Provision
WP4 established (and launched) a pilot sevice based on the system developed in WP2. The workpackage was led by KB.
WP6: Data Model and Data Flow
This workpackage defined the scope of the Renardus pilot service and developed a data model and data flow for the broker system consistent with the functional model (WP1) and technical standards specification (WP2). WP6 was
led by SUB.
WP7: Data Interoperability
This workpackage addressed interoperability issues relating to multilinguality and
metadata sharing in the Renardus context. It was also led by SUB. The workpackage also
included the classification mapping work that was be required to generate browse structures
in the pilot broker. See:
Koch, T., Neuroth, H. & Day, M. (2003). "Renardus: Cross-browsing European subject gateways via a common classification system (DDC)." In:
McIlwaine, I.C. (ed.) Subject retrieval in a networked world: proceedings of the IFLA Satellite Meeting held in Dublin, OH, 14-16 August 2001.
(UBCIM Publications, New Series, Vol. 25). München: K.G. Saur, 25-33. [Preprint in OPuS repository]
WP8: Business Issues
UKOLN led this workpackage. It was concerned with any business-type issues that may have
impacted on the design of the Renardus broker, the feasibility of the collaborative approach
embodied in Renardus, and the sustainability of central broker services. The first deliverable
described a number of business models in use by gateways and introduced a number of important
The IST Project Factsheet on Renardus [2004 version available from the Internet Archive]
More detailed information about the Renardus project was made available from the project's Web pages. These are no longer available from
the live Web, although older versions (pre 2006) are available from
the Internet Archive.