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Renardus Consortium

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This page describes some of the activities that were undertaken by staff at UKOLN as part of the Renardus Consortium


The Renardus Consortium

The Renardus service was established in 2002 to provide a trusted source of selected, high quality Internet resources for those teaching, learning and researching in European higher education institutions. Renardus provided integrated search and browse access to records from participating subject gateway services (data providers) across Europe. The Renardus Consortium was made up of subject gateway services and technical partners. UKOLN's involvement in the consortium was primarily through the participation of the Resource Discovery Network (RDN) - later renamed Intute - which harvested records from UK gateways using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH), making these available to the Renardus service through the Z39.50 protocol. The service was hosted at the Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Göttingen (SUB), Germany, on behalf of the Renardus Consortium.

While Renardus was an interesting proof-of-concept, the service was always dependent on the continued existence and support of the underlying services (data providers). After being used as a research test-bed for a few years, the Renardus Service was finally switched-off in around 2006. Its approach to browsing using library classification systems (in this case the Dewey Decimal Classification) was innovative, but its underlying business model ultimately proved unsustainable.

The Renardus service grew out of a project funded 1 January 2000 to 30 June 2002 by the EU's Information Society Technologies 5th framework programme. See the project archive [now available from the Internet Archive] for public deliverables and for more information on the original project and its context [please note that the search and browse functions in the Renardus Service no longer work].

Information on UKOLN's specific involvement in the project is available at:

The Renardus Consortium members were:

Selected project publications

* Day, M., Koch, T., & Neuroth, H. (2004). "Searching and browsing multiple subject gateways in the Renardus Service." In: van Dijkum, C., Blasius, J. and Durand, C. (eds.) Recent developments and applications in social research methodology: Proceedings of the RC33 Sixth International Conference on Social Science Methodology, Amsterdam 2004. Opladen: Budrich Verlag (CD-ROM). [Preprint in OPuS]

Koch, T., Ardö, A., & Golub, K. (2004). "Browsing and searching behavior in the Renardus Web service: a study based on log analysis." Poster, Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2004 (JCDL 2004), Tuscon, Ariz., USA, 7-11 June 2004. doi:10.1109/JCDL.2004.1336157. Also available:

* Koch, T., Neuroth, H. & Day, M. (2003). "Renardus: Cross-browsing European subject gateways via a common classification system (DDC)." In: McIlwaine, I.C. (ed.) Subject retrieval in a networked world: proceedings of the IFLA Satellite Meeting held in Dublin, OH, 14-16 August 2001. (UBCIM Publications, New Series, Vol. 25). München: K.G. Saur, 25-33. [Preprint in OPuS]

* Huxley, L., Carpenter, L. & Peereboom, M. (2003). "The Renardus broker service: collaborative frameworks and tools." Electronic Library, 21(1), 39-48. doi:10.1108/02640470310462407.

Huxley, L. (2002). "Renardus: following the fox from project to service." In: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Technology : 6th European Conference, ECDL 2002, Rome, Italy, September 16-18, 2002. Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2458). Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 218-229. doi:10.1007/3-540-45747-X_16

Becker, H.J. & Neuroth, H. (2002). "Cross-searchen und cross-browsen von 'Quality-Controlled Subject Gateways' im EU Projekt Renardus." Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie, 49(3), 133-146.

Neuroth, H. & Koch, T. (2001). "Metadata mapping and application profiles: approaches to providing the cross-searching of heterogeneous resources in the EU project Renardus." DC-2001: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications 2001, Tokyo, Japan, 24-26 October 2001. Available:

* Heery, R., Carpenter, L & Day, M. (2001). "Renardus project developments and the wider digital library context." D-Lib Magazine,7(4). doi:10.1045/april2001-heery. Available:

Peereboom, M. (2001). "Renardus: de slimme route naar informatie." Informatie Professional, 5(1), 26-29.

Neuroth, H. & Lepschy, P. (2001). "Das EU Projekt Renardus." Bibliotheksdienst 35(1), 49-63. Available:

Huxley, L. (2001). "Renardus: fostering collaboration between academic subject gateways in Europe" Online Information Review 25(2), 121-127. doi:10.1108/14684520110390060

Huxley, L. (2000). "Follow the fox to Renardus: an academic subject gateway service for Europe." In: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 4th European Conference, ECDL 2000, Lisbon, Portugal, September 2000. Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1923). Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 395-398. doi:10.1007/3-540-45268-0_48

* Starred publications include one or more UKOLN staff as co-authors

UKOLN staff working on the Renardus Consortium:

Michael Day
Research Officer