|A software tool that performs a function on behalf of an end-user (often with little or no direct interaction with the user).
|In Dublin Core terms, the super-property of Creator, Contributor and Publisher. A person or corporate body.
|Arts and Humanities Data Service. UK service funded by JISC to collect, describe, and preserve the electronic resources which result from research and teaching in the humanities.
|A parallel web and print journal for librarians and information specialists funded by JISC under eLib.
|Advanced Search Facility.
|The combination of a metadata property and its value.
|A network service that provides a single interface to multiple (often remote) network services.
|A third party serving metadata descriptions, e.g. a PICS label bureau.
|A computed value which depends on the contents of a 'block of data'.
|Computer Interchange of Museum Information. CIMI records are a SGML-based metadata format developed for museum information.
|Collection Level Description
|Coalition for Networked Information.
|Corporation for National Research Initiatives.
|Common Object Request Broker Architecture.
|Consortium of University Research Libraries.
|DAV Searching and Locating. See also: WebDAV.
|See: Dublin Core.
|See: Dublin Core.
|A program for creating Dublin Core metadata which can be pasted into the headers of Web pages.
|Distinguished Name. An X.500 or LDAP object name.
|Digital Object Identifier.
|Digital Signatures Initiative. Work co-ordinated by W3C to develop a trust mechanism for the Web. Will be based on RDF.
|Distributed Systems Technology Centre.
|Document Type Definition. An application program defining document types in a SGML context.
|A metadata format defined on the basis of international consensus which has defined a minimal information resource description, generally for use in a WWW environment.
|Encoding Archival Description. A SGML-based metadata format developed for the description of archives.
|Electronic Data Interchange. The exchange of structured data messages to enable automated transactions between application systems.
|Federal Geographic Data Committee. Organisation that defined FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata.
|Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records.
|A controlled vocabulary for UK government categories.
|Government Information Locator Service. Metadata format created by the US Federal Government in order to provide a means of locating information generated by government agencies.
|A distributed system developed by CNRI which resolves identifiers into the information necessary to locate and access resources.
|A system providing a software architecture for gathering, indexing and accessing Internet information. Uses SOIF.
|Hypertext Mark-up Language. The standard language used for creating Web documents.
|HyperText Transfer Protocol. The client-server protocol used for the exchange of HTML. See also: TCP/IP.
|Internet Anonymous FTP Archive templates. Metadata format designed for Anonymous FTP archives, now adapted for use in ROADS project.
|Internet Content Exchange.
|Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Organisation that developed the ICPSR SGML Codebook Initiative - a structured metadata format to describe social science data sets.
|Internet Engineering Task Force.
|International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.
|An international 'community' of subject gateway service providers.
|A JISC/NSF funded project to develop a distributed architecture and software toolkit for developing subject gateways.
|Instructional Management System.
|Interoperability of Data in E-Commerce Systems. A European funded project.
|The Isaac Network: Information Seeker's Avenue to Authoritative Content.
|International Standard Book Number.
|International Standard Serial Number.
|A date format endorsed by the W3C for use by Web-applications.
|Lighweight Directory Access Protocol. Internet standard for directory services.
|IEEE Learning Object Metadata - a part of the IMS specification.
|MAchine Readable Cataloguing. A family of formats based on ISO 2709 for the exchange of bibliographic and other related information in machine readable form. For example, USMARC, UKMARC and UNIMARC.
|A one-way hash function typically used within cryptography.
|Medical Subject Headings.
|Structured data about a resource.
|Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard.
|Metadata Object Description Schema.
|National Information Standards Organization.
|Open Archives Initiative
|Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
|On-line Computer Library Center.
|Platform for Internet Content Selection. Internet content filtering infrastructure.
|Publisher Item Identifier.
|A Web-based gateway to Internet resources, often with other value-added services such as free email accounts.
|Persistent Uniform Resource Locator.
|New Web technologies based on pushing information to end user.
|Resource Description Framework. RDF is currently under development within the W3C and provides a framework for metadata in different application areas, e.g. resource discovery, content ratings and intellectual property.
|Resource Discovery Network.
|Relative Distinguished Name. An X.500 or LDAP object name.
|Resource Discovery Network Centre.
|A Java-based metadata editor.
|Resource Organisation And Discovery in Subject based services. eLib funded project developing software for use by Internet subject services. ROADS templates are a metadata format and are a development of IAFA templates.
|Rich Site Summary - a metadata format for syndicating web site headlines. It was created and popularised by Netscape for their personalised portal site.
|Subject-Based Information Gateway. See: Subject Service.
|SGML (ISO 8879)
|Standard Generalised Mark-up Language. An international standard for the description of marked-up electronic text.
|HTTP secured using SSL.
|Serial Item and Contribution Identifier.
|RDF-XML parser developed by W3C.
|Summary Object Interchange Format. A metadata format developed for use with the Harvest architecture.
|Server Side Include. Mechanism for dynamically generating parts of Web pages.
|Secure Socket Layer. A method for end-to-end network encryption.
|A neutral term for 'resource' (which absolves you from any need to define what you are talking about).
|Internet subject services or gateways. Typically give access to selected Internet resources based on subject coverage and quality criteria. For example: Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG).
|A standard for international character encoding.
|See: Transparent Content Negotiation.
|Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. The Internet transport-level protocols, often used to refer to the entire collection of Internet protocols.
|Text Encoding Initiative. An attempt to define the encoding of literary and linguistic texts in electronic form. TEI headers are a SGML-based metadata format for the documentation of these electronic texts.
|Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association.
|TERENA Task Force - Cooperative Heirarchical Indexing Coordination.
|Transparent Content Negotiation
|Transparent Content Negotiation. Mechanism for transparent selection of content type - by format, language, etc.
|Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
|Uniform Resource Characteristics.
|Uniform Resource Identifier. The super-set of URNs, URLs and URCs.
|Uniform Resource Locator. The standard way to give the address of a source of information on the WWW. For example: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/publications.html
|Uniform Resource Name. Persistent identification for Web resources.
|An architecture for the exchange of distinct metadata packages involving the aggregation of metadata packages into containers.
|A software robot which trawls the WWW, generating all-encompassing Web indexes. Also known as Web crawlers or Web spiders.
|Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning. An IETF Working Group.
|An Internet directory services protocol.
|World Wide Web Consortium
|Organisation currently responsible for the development of Web protocols.
|World Wide Web.
|See: World Wide Web Consortium
|Extensible Markup Language. A lightweight version of SGML designed for use on the Internet.
|A NISO standard for an applications layer protocol for information retrieval which is specifically designed to aid retrieval from distributed servers.
|Z39.50 Next Generation - a proposal to evolve Z39.50 to a more mainstream protocol based on XML, URI, SOAP (RPC), and HTTP.
Maintained by: Michael Day
and Andy Powell
Last updated: 07-Oct-2003