Interoperability between metadata formats

Mapping IAFA templates to Z39.50 Bib-1

Michael Day
UKOLN: The UK Office for Library and Information Networking,
University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom

August 1996

Mapping IAFA Templates to the Bib-1 Use Attribute Set from Z39.50-1995

Z39.50 is a protocol intended to facilitate the retrieval of information in a distributed network environment. It is an ANSI/NISO standard, paralleled by ISO 10162/10163, the Search and Retrieve (SR) Service Definition and Protocol Definition. Although the first version of the Z39.50 protocol appeared in 1988, it is now in Version 3, ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1995, accepted by ANSI in July 1995. The protocol enables a Z39.50 compatible client system (the origin) to search and retrieve information from a Z39.50 compatible server (the target) and to display the information in a format controlled by the origin. In practical terms, Joy and Murray (1995, p. 41) comment that Z39.50 is "a standard, enabling a single client to retrieve information from databases of different types in consistent manner". Hinnebusch (1995, pp. 118-119) notes that flat databases typical of those which contain bibliographic or textual data are easily handled by Z39.50 "because its model is specifically geared to this pervasive structure".

The following table summarises where IAFA Templates would map onto the Bib-1 Attribute Set. The relevant USMARC fields are added for comparison.

IAFA TemplateBib-1 Attribute Set usedOCLC MARC
Template-type Not a Bib-1 attribute File:
Category 1031 Material type 655 or 516
Title 4 Title 245$a
URI-v* 1032 Doc ID 856$u (if URL)
Short-Title 43 Title abbreviated 246
Author - (USER)* 1 Name-Personal
2 Name - Corporate
3 Name - Conference
1000 Author-name-and-title
1002 Name
1003 Author-Name
1004 Author-name -personal
1005 Author-name-corporate
1006 Author Name-conference
100, 110, 111, 700, 710, 711, or 245$c
Admin - (USER)* 1000 Author-name-and-title
1002 Name
1003 Author-Name
1004 Author-name -personal
1005 Author-name-corporate
1005 Author-Name-conference
100, 110, 111, 700, 710 or 711
Source 63 Note 500
Requirements 63 Note 538
Description 62 Abstract 520
Bibliography 63 Note 500
Citation 63 Note 524
Publication-Status 63 Note 500
Publisher - (ORGANISATION)* 1018 Name-Publisher 260$b
Copyright 63 Note 500
Creation-Date 31 Date-Publication 260$c
Discussion 63 Note 500
Keywords 21 Subject 653
Version-v* Not a Bib-1 attribute 250
Format-v* Not a Bib-1 attribute 538
Size- v* Not a Bib-1 attribute 256
Language- v* 54 Code-Language Lang:
Character-Set- v* 63 Note 500
ISBN 7 Identifier-ISBN 020
ISSN 8 Identifier-ISSN 022
Last-Revision-Date- v* 1012 Date/Time last modified 260$c
Subject-Descriptor-Scheme (As below)
Library-Catalog- v* 13 Classification-Dewey
14 Classification-UDC
16 Classification-LC
20 Classification-Local
082, 080, 050 or 084


There are no Bib-1 parallels for the IAFA Templates attributes "Template type, "Version", "Format" and "Size". It could be argued that these would be unlikely search-terms in any case, but it limits the search potential of IAFA Templates through Z39.50. These non-searchable terms, however, could be retrieved as part of the record. However the format of the name is problematic. IAFA Templates, even though they recommend using a format based on BibTex, are likely to get names - both corporate and personal - in different formats. IAFA Template "Author-(USER)" names will therefore not always conform to the models described in AACR2 Rules 22.4 and 24.1. However, use of Bib-1 1003 could help overcome the problem that IAFA templates do not distinguish between personal names, corporate names or conference names - as required by AACR2 and USMARC. 1003 Author-name is defined as "a personal or corporate author, or a conference or meeting name (No subject name headings are included)" (Z39.50-1995, 1995).



UKOLN is funded by the British Library Research and Innovation Centre, the Joint Information Services Committee of the UK Higher Education Funding councils, as well as by project funding from JISC's eLib Programme and the European Union. UKOLN also receives support from the University of Bath, where it is based.

This work was carried out for the Resource Organisation And Discovery in Subject-based services (ROADS) project funded by the Electronic Libraries (eLib) Programme.

More information on ROADS can be found on the project's Web pages: <URL:>

Maintained by: Michael Day of UKOLN The UK Office for Library and Information Networking, University of Bath.
Document created: 6-Aug-1996
Last updated: 12-Aug-1998

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